Diabetes or high blood glucose commonly called as blood sugar is a chronic health illness. Glucose is essential in creating tissues and muscles. Insulin hormones produced by pancreas are essential in the metabolism process. From the blood insulin accumulates sugar and transfers it to our body’s cells as energy. When body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin or unable use insulin effectively then diabetes eventuates.
Presence of excessive sugar in bloodstream can cause numerous health issues such as cardiovascular diseases, eye problems, stroke, dental issues, kidney disease, nerve damage and many more. Mainly, four types of diabetes are present which are named as: prediabetes, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes commonly occur when pancreas don’t make sufficient insulin. Type 2 diabetes affects the body’s ability to use insulin effectively. Gestational diabetes occurs during in pregnancy.
- Type 1 Diabetes: The root cause behind type 1 diabetes is still unknown but, it is identified as an immune system disorder. In this condition body wrongly destroys those cells which produce insulin therefore the insulin making process in the body gets blocked. It is assumed that genetics plays a great role in type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 Diabetes: The most general type of diabetes is the type 2 diabetes. In this the body does not use insulin efficiently. Being physical inactive or overweight are the reasons behind type 2 diabetes. Although, environment and genetics also takes a great place in developing type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes: During pregnancy body cells become extra resistant to insulin. Hence, pancreas fails to make sufficient insulin which leads this type of diabetes.
- Increase in Hunger
- Increase in Thirst
- Persistency in Urination
- Blurriness in Vision
- Unintended Weight Loss
- Erectile Dysfunction and Low Sex drive in Men
- Vaginal Infections in Women
Though diabetes is a critical disorder, but with proper medications along with good lifestyle it can be managed. The symptoms of diabetes may take longer of time to appear. But, if you ever experience any of the above mentioned symptoms, then immediately contact a doctor. Another, critical factor for diabetes patients is lifestyle. Still, by making healthy lifestyle choices you can prevent yourself like doing more physical activity, eating healthy fruits and vegetables, exercising at least 4 days a week, losing extra weight to maintaining a healthy weight and stop consuming tobacco.